He also lost over 450 tanks and 1,000 guns. Answer. In November 1943 as part of Operation Torch, Allied troops landed in Algeria and Morocco. Remembering 1942: The Battle of El Alamein Dr Mark Johnston ... Australians constituted about 10% of the 8th Army's strength, but they suffered about 22% of its casualties in the battle. The Second Battle of El Alamein, 23 October – 11 November, was a decisive turning point in the desert war. : The original plan for the Axis was to allow Italy to take the Balkans and North Africa, but they failed to … However, of these, 350 were repaired and were able to take part in future battles. The Second Battle of El Alamein cost Rommel around 2,349 killed, 5,486 wounded, and 30,121 captured. It's a good place to have a swim and get refreshed from the sand and dust you had collected on whatever journey you were on. Wiki User November 18, 2013 5:05AM. Fought near the western frontier of Egypt between 23 October and 4 November 1942, El Alamein was the climax and turning point of the North African campaign of World War Two (1939-45). The Australian 9th Division, led by Lieutenant General Leslie Morshead, played a key role in two of these battles, enhancing its reputation earned defending Tobruk during 1941. Battle of Iwo Jima (February 19–March 16, 1945), World War II battle fought between the United States and Japan over a strategically important island some 760 miles (1,220 km) south of Tokyo. It convinced the British that they could beat the Germans and that Hitler was not invincible. The British 7 th Armoured Division supplied most of the tanks for the Allies. Rommel's second onslaught against the El Alamein line, 2-3 July 1942 . The danger to the Eighth Army had not diminished completely. The Battle of El Guettar was a battle that took place during the Tunisia Campaign of World War II, fought between elements of the Army Group Africa under General Hans-Jürgen von Arnim, along with Italian First Army under General Giovanni Messe, and U.S. II Corps under Lieutenant General George Patton in … By the time they were prepared for what became known as the Second Battle of El Alamein (the first being the July 1942 defensive action that halted Rommel at the Alamein Line), it was clear that they were involved in something extremely serious. The Australian 9th Division, led by Lieutenant General Leslie Morshead, played a key role in two of these battles, enhancing its reputation earned defending Tobruk during 1941. Thereafter, Lieutenant-General Bernard Montgomery took command of the British Eighth Army from General Claude Auchinleck in August 1942. EL ALAMEIN WAR CEMETERY contains the graves of men who died at all stages of the Western Desert campaigns, brought in from a wide area, but especially those who died in the Battle of El Alamein at the end of October 1942 and in the period immediately before that. Second Battle of El Alamein. It was fought between two of the best commanders in World War II, Montgomery for the Allies and Rommel for the Axis between 23 October – 4 November 1942 . Answer. In addition, his armored units effectively ceased to exist as a fighting force. The defeat was due to a variety of factors. For Montgomery, the fighting resulted in 2,350 killed, 8,950 wounded, and 2,260 missing, as well as around 200 tanks permanently lost. The Battle of El Alamein (second battle), was one of the most decisive victories in WWII. There were two Battles of El Alamein. Doctrinal changes introduced by Bernard Montgomery, assisted by massive advantages in supply produced a much-needed Allied victory that brought the dominance of Erwin Rommel’s formidable Afrika Korps to an end.. 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