In my chilly, northern climate, bougainvillea can only be grown as a tropical houseplant. Bougainvillea responds well to clipping and pruning, and you can employ certain trimming techniques to encourage its showy blossoms. The pruning that I do in January is the big one that sets the shape that my bougainvillea will be for the rest of the year. Pruning bougainvillea in summer, which is mid-season for this plant, encourages another round of bloom. If the plant is not blooming, cut back on watering for a few weeks. You can also tip prune through the year. By the way, I’ll be sure to do a post and video in a few months so you can see how it came back. The one I’m pruning here is Bougainvillea Barbara Karst. Although you can prune bougainvillea throughout the year, pruning in summer may cut off the forming buds, reducing the amount of color you see the next blooming cycle. In pots, during the summer they are allowed to climb and cover as much as they can, but each autumn they must be cut back and taken indoors to survive winter. Prune in early spring. Q. At Westdale Nurseries, we’ve put together this quick and easy guide to pruning and maintaining your Bougainvillea plants, so they can grow to their full potential. By following the tips below you … You will likely encounter one of two problems with your bougainvillea: lack of blooms or too-rapid growth. Wear gloves and long sleeves when working with bougainvillea because the thorns can scratch you. Indoors, the plant will survive the outside harsh weather. If you wait until the buds have formed, you'll cut off the new growth and limit flower production. They naturally bloom in the spring and seem to bloom harder in drier years. With the right care and attention, you will be reaping the rewards for years to come. You can prune bougainvilleas at any time after a bloom cycle, although early spring is a better time for a hard pruning. At Westdale Nurseries, we’ve put together this quick and easy guide to pruning and maintaining your Bougainvillea plants, so they can grow to their full potential. Bougainvillea is a deciduous, tropical vine, hardy in zones 9-11. Heavy pruning, lack of water and fertilizer low in nitrogen encourage blooming. I usually prune it all in 1 fell swoop, which takes about 5 hours. 1. It had been pruned into a hedge by the previous owners and showed very little or any blooms. True enough, you’ll read that it’s able to tolerate some frost, but that’s when it’s growing in the ground … and even then, the damage can be severe. What is the best time to prune bougainvillea? I usually prune it all in 1 fell swoop, which takes about 5 hours. I’ve grown bougainvillea in 2 different climate zones for years now. In pots, where frost can penetrate right through the root ball in no time, a serious cold snap can kill it outright. Santa Barbara, CA (USDA hardiness zone 10a & 10b) and now Tucson, AZ (zone 9a & 9b). A: You can prune hard most any time. Continue reading to learn how to prune bougainvillea. With the right care and attention, you will be reaping the rewards for years to come. How to grow bougainvillea from cuttings You can make your own extra bougainvillea plants by taking cuttings in summer or early autumn: Take 15cm-long cuttings from the new shoots with a little bit of the old growth attached. Pruning a bougainvillea is a project best not done in a bikini! Pruning bougainvillea in summer, which is mid-season for this plant, encourages another round of bloom. Remove any leaves from the bottom third of the cutting. Cut off vigorous shoots as they will stunt the growth of other parts of the plant, and pinch. After flowering, its time to prune back and generally this is in early winter. These tropical climbers are suitable for large containers placed in the garden during summer but must be kept frost-free in winter. Whether grown as an indoor or outdoor tropical vine, pruning a bougainvillea may seem like a daunting task, especially if you have the more common thorny types. Pruning Pot Grown Bougainvillea. If you don't prune your bougainvillea tree, it will grow but the shape of your plant will change. Pruning of bougainvillea bonsai is very important to keep your bonsai in shape and flowering. Here, you’ll learn plenty about bougainvillea pruning in late winter, spring, summer, and fall. Vibrantly coloured bracts of Bougainvillea brighten warm greenhouses and conservatory borders during the summer. Make sure you bring your bougainvillea indoors before frost hits. Bougainvillea is a perennial vine that can grow to 30 feet, depending on the variety. Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp.) I've known gardeners to prune bougainvillea to the ground, but you might remove 1/3 to 2/3 of the stems instead. Trimming Bougainvillea Plants. Bougainvillea is a tropical vine with beautiful flowers and evergreen leaves. Bougainvillea can technically be pruned at any time of the year, but the best time to do so for the integrity of the plant is in very early spring, before the plant has begun to produce buds for new flowers. 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