The Second Battle of Ypres was Canada’s first major engagement in the First World War. At Second Ypres, the smallest tactical unit in the infantry was a company; by 1917 it would be the section. The battle was the beginning of a new danger; gas, which will cost both sides thousands of casualties the rest of the war. The battle was fought in Flanders in the Ypres Salient – a section of the front line that surrounded the town of Ypres, Belgium, and divided the Germans from the Allies. More than 12,000 of those commemorated here died in April and May 1915. Ypres 1915. The desperate defence at St. Julien, an action during the Second Battle of Ypres, along with the inconclusive May 1915 Battle of Festubert, were all that authorities had to draw upon to raise fresh troops for service overseas. 400,000 to 800,000 casualties. Articles, timelines & resources for teachers, students & public. From April 22 to 25, 1915, the 1st Canadian Division fought with great determination and courage to hold back a German offensive in the salient. Battle of Passchendaele (31 July – 10 November 1917) also known as the Third Battle of Ypres. [citation needed] Around 200,000 casualties. The Second Battle of Ypres, 22 April to 25 May 1915 War artist Richard Jack portrays the Canadian stand during the Second Battle of Ypres, which he did not witness. The severe casualties suffered in the area made Ypres a focus for post-war remembrance. Collections Canada . The Second Battle of Ypres ended on May 25, with insignificant gains for the Germans. The introduction of poison gas, however, would have great significance in World War I. He painted this enormous work of art, with the canvas 371.5 by 589.0 centimetres, in his London studio. The sentimental verse and patriotic imagery was conventional for this type of poster. The Battle of Mont Sorrel (2–13 June 1916) took place south of Ypres with the 20th Division (XIV Corps) and the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Canadian divisions of the Canadian Corps. The Canadians were employed offensively later in 1915, but not successfully. Ypres gave its name to three major battles: First Ypres (19 October - 22 November 1914), Second Ypres (21 April - 25 May 1915) and Third Ypres (31 July - 10 November 1917). He was also responsible for establishing a program of official photographers and … Prelude During the months of April and May 1915, the two sides fought over Hill 60. War artist Richard Jack portrays the Canadian stand during the Second Battle of Ypres, which he did not witness. A Third Battle of Ypres, more commonly known as the Battle of Passchendaele was fought in the autumn of 1917. In 1915, the second Battle of Ypres established the reputation of the Canadians as a fighting force. Caption The Second Battle of Ypres, 22 April to 25 May 1915; Additional Information There are no photographic images of the Ypres battle since soldiers were not allowed to carry cameras into the trenches. The Second Battle of Ypres was the first mass use by Germany of poison gas on the Western Front. This was the famed—or notorious—Ypres Salient, where the British and Allied line pushed into the German line in a concave bend. The Allies won the first battle. The Second Battle of Ypres commenced on 22 April and lasted for six hellish weeks. In April 1915, McCrae and a young friend, Alexis Helmer, joined the 18,000 soldiers of the First Canadian Division in their positions near Ypres, Belgium. 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