The additional maize translated to US$240 extra per hectare, giving farmers a buffer of nine months’ worth of additional food security at no additional cost as well as extra income for other household needs. A total of 363 households from Cuttack and Sambalpur districts of Odisha via multistage sampling technique participated in the survey. Improved technologies and suitable selection of maize varieties important for economic returns. Modern Farm Equipment in Agriculture. However, the Indian Maize yields are significantly below the yields in benchmark countries. Organic Farming Advantages and Disadvantages. The cultivation of maize in India is characterised by inter-culture i.e. The improved varieties of Paddy The three varieties Kudrat 1 , Kudrat 2 and Lal Basmati of paddy were developed from HUVR-2-1 and Pusa basmati varieties. Home Tags List Of Maize Varieties In India. drought-tolerant maize varieties were released and scaled up for uptake by smallholder farmers, 15 of them in Zimbabwe. The use of improved high yielding crop varieties is an important avenue for reducing hunger and food insecurity in developing countries. The maize database, first of its kind in India, is a central repository for cultivars i.e. HIGHLIGHT l It matures in about 117 days. It is therefore imperative that a conducive environment is created that promotes the adoption of maize yield improving technologies. Maize being the most important food staple in Zambia has a great bearing on the food security status of farm households. USA, Brazil, Argentina and India are the major exporters of maize while Japan, South Korea, Mexico are the major importers. Impact on Productivity and Food Prices. maize varieties were able to harvest over 600 kg more maize per hectare, compared to those using drought-susceptible varieties. Plant Breeding for Disease Resistance: Although maize is known as an agro-versatile crop, ideal conditions are preferred for its optimum growth and productivity. 2. Initially, farmers tested a range of maize varieties in a participatory varietal selection (PVS) programme. DTMA has catalysed the release of more than 230 maize varieties in eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda); southern Africa (Angola, Malawi, The rapid increase in agricultural output resulting from the GR came from an impressive increase in yields per hectare. Adoption of improved varieties across sub-Saharan Africa reached 70% for wheat, 45% for maize, 26% for rice, 19% for cassava, and 15% for sorghum by 2005 . Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. A number of Indian maize varieties like ‘ Rudrapur’ have shown a high degree of resistance to the bacterial stalk-rot and other diseases to which a Maize field Climate for Maize … Farmers were sceptical that these new varieties would deliver on their promise and were reluctant to invest and risk the whole crop failing. Tag: List Of Maize Varieties In India. The Punjab government today approved four new high yielding and disease resistant varieties of rice while one each of maize and guar for general cultivation in the state. Sandwiched between China and India, the Kingdom of Bhutan is a small country that relies on maize in a big way. The factors affecting the adoption of modern varieties (MVs) of rice and impact on poverty in Odisha, India were discussed. There have been large variations in the production of maize in India … But maize yields are typically low due to crop diseases, drought, and poor access to seed of improved varieties, among other reasons. THE CHALLENGES Initially, the introduction of drought-tolerant maize was low. … Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa (DTMA) and High Temperature Maize for Asia (HTMA) have been crucial in terms of breeding for and distribution of improved stress tolerant varieties of maize. Maize Hybrid and Composite Varieties Released in India DMR with active supprt of AICRP (Maize) centres has developed and released as many as 234 cultivars since inception of the Project. Maize Cultivation Information Guide. The number of days to maturity in cases of Kudrat 1 , Kudrat 2 and Lal basmati varieties are 130-135 days, 115-120 days and 90-100 days respectively while the yield per acre of each (mentioned in order) is 25-30 quintals, 20-22 quintals and 15-17 quintals. The study concluded that policies that increase farmers’ level of education and effectiveness of extension services contact will facilitate adoption and use intensity of improved maize varieties. 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