At the time, the naval base was about 22,000 acres in size. 1 916: Established the 14th Naval District at Pearl Harbor. Beginning in the first half of the 19th century, Pearl Harbor was identified as the possible location for a naval base by the United States, Great Britain, and France. During the Pearl Harbor Attack in 1941 the USS Arizona sank with a loss of more than 1,100 men; a white concrete and steel structure now spans the hull of the sunken ship, which was dedicated as a national memorial on May 30, 1962. Brief History. Pearl Harbor: A short history before Dec. 7, 1941 ... Pearl Harbor remained more of an outpost than the major naval base it would become in the … This information is for both on-base and off-base at Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard, HI… Over the next 20+ years, the development of the base was a continuous process. Why Pearl Harbor Click the links below for additional sets of video sound bites to hear Cressman answer questions about other aspects of the attack. Pearl Harbor was the hub of American naval power since King Kalakua gave the right to the U.S. to develop a coal station there in 1887. Its purpose is to provide military personnel the information necessary for their move to the area. Naval Station Pearl Harbor is a U.S. naval base adjacent to Honolulu, in the U.S. state of Hawaii.In 2010, along with the United States Air Force's Hickam Air Force Base, the facility was merged to form Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam. The naval station was constructed shortly after the turn of the 20 th Century as the United States … Pearl Harbor is an American lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu.It has been long visited by the Naval fleet of the United States, before it was acquired from the Hawaiian Kingdom by the U.S. with the signing of the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875.Much of the harbor and surrounding lands is now a United States Navy deep-water naval base. Present facilities at Pearl Harbor include a naval shipyard, supply centre, and submarine base. 1913: Transferred the Naval Headquarters from Honolulu Harbor to Pearl Harbor. Thousands of lives would be lost that day. Pearl Harbor is the headquarters of the United States Pacific Fleet. The naval station was constructed shortly after the turn of the 20 th Century as the Admiral Husband E. Kimmel of the Navy and Lt. General Walter C. Short of the Army were in command of the fleet and troops on the ground, respectively. Pearl Harbor, as it is now known, is mentioned in the accounts of early Pacific voyages as "Wai-Momi"--literally, the "Water of the Pearl" or "Pearl Water." Pearl Harbor: Its Origin and Administrative History Through World War II. Pearl Harbor Naval Station and Hickam Air Force Base have grown up together around the historic port, known as Wai’momi to the native Hawaiians, on Oahu’s south shore. Sunday, December 7, 1941, was supposed to be a day of rest for the military soldiers at Hawaii’s Pearl Harbor naval base on the island of Oahu. It is an amalgamation of the United States Air Force's Hickam Air Force Base and the United States Navy's Naval Station Pearl Harbor, which were merged in 2010. The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise, preemptive military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service upon the United States (a neutral country at the time) against the naval base at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii, just before 08:00, on Sunday morning, December 7, 1941. On the southern end of Oahu, Pearl Harbor held a 22,000 acre naval base. 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