For the average American in World War II, the Victory Garden was a practical way to contribute to the war effort. The ‘Dig for Victory’ campaign was set up during WWII by the British Ministry of Agriculture. Library LibGuides Primary Sources: World War II The Home Front Search this Guide ... Handbook of the Victory Garden Committee War services, Pennsylvania State Council of Defense free from The Online Books Page. For a small investment in soil, seed and time, families could enjoy fresh vegetables for months. The Fenway Victory Gardens in the Back Bay Fens of Boston, Massachusetts and the Dowling Community Garden in Minneapolis, Minnesota remain active as the last surviving public examples from World War II. Men and women across the country were encouraged to grow their own food in times of harsh rationing. Historians estimate that by 1943 up to 20 million victory gardens were cultivated, helping sustain the needs of the country. "Buddies: Soldiers and Animals in World War II" Lisa B. Auel wrote this Prologue article. For my historical garden I am attempting to replicate one of the many so-called ‘Victory Gardens’ that were grown in the northern parts of the United States during the Second World War. Although wartime propaganda tended to portray gardening as a masculine activity, a wide variety of the population helped to grow produce, including women and children. Others planted "Victory Gardens" to conserve food. Victory Gardens were planted at the zoos, at race tracks, at Ellis Island and Alcatraz, at playgrounds, in school yards, in back-yards, at the library, in grassy bits in parking lots emptied by gas rationing - absolutely everywhere. For a small investment in soil, seed and time, families could enjoy fresh vegetables for months. Labor and transportation shortages made it hard to harvest and move fruits and vegetables to market. They produced a significant amount of healthy food, allowing agricultural produce to be used for the military and the Allies, and reducing the use of tin and transportation. Despite rationing, the average American ate better during the war than before. Victory Gardens: People were encouraged by the government to plant Victory Gardens and grow their own vegetables to supplement the foods they could buy with their ration stamps. Victory Gardens in World War II were more than a way to increase morale. Just as they are in back-yard gardens today, tomato plants were the indisputable hallmark of Victory Gardening in World War II. They also helped their families save ration stamps by not wasting food and collected materials used for production in defense plants. The Fenway site is … A powerful collection of letters from Black soldiers during WWII documenting their disillusionment with the treatment they received and the … Others planted "Victory Gardens" to conserve food. The importance and patriotic fervor of this homegrown initiative caused victory gardens to spring up around the country in both farmland and cities alike. The Victory Garden was part of the reason. In the end, the backyard food production of everyday Americans made up an estimated 40% of World War II’s fresh fruits and vegetables. During World War II, students planted and took care of Victory Gardens and saved money to purchase War Bonds. Most plots in the Fenway Victory Gardens now feature flowers instead of vegetables while the Dowling Community Garden retains its focus on vegetables. Primary Resources - free worksheets, lesson plans and teaching ideas for primary and elementary teachers. ... tells her personal account of the Japanese attack and the events that followed, including blackouts, rationing, air raid drills, victory gardens, censorship, gas masks and much more. Victory gardens made a real impact during wartime, and helped America and her allies achieve peace. "When Dorinda Makanaonalani Nicholson was six years old, she had a unique experience—she watched the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor from her front yard. Americans were encouraged to produce their own food, planting vegetable gardens in their backyards, churchyards, city parks, and playgrounds. 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